World Taekwondo (WT), called the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) until June 2017. World Taekwondo is a member of the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF) and is the international federation governing the sport of Taekwondo.
World Teakwondo History
World Taekwondo was established on May 28, 1973, at the inaugural meeting held at the Kukkiwon with participation of 35 representatives from the world after it separated from the International Taekwon-Do Federation because of political reasons.
On October 8, 1974, World Taekwondo was affiliated to the General Association of International Sports Federations (GAISF), now SportAccord.
Until the 1980s, the European (May, 1976), the Asian (October, 1976), the Pan American (September, 1978) and the African (April, 1979) Taekwondo Unions inaugural meetings were held, while Oceania’s Taekwondo Union was not recognized as the 5th Continental Union of World Taekwondo until July 16, 2005.
On July 17, 1980, The recognition of the IOC towards World Taekwondo at its 83rd session in Moscow, was the cornerstone for their Cooperation. Thereupon Taekwondo participated in the 24th Olympiad at Changchung Gymnasium in Seoul, Korea as well as the 25th Olympiad at the Palau Blaugrana in Barcelona, Spain as a demonstration sport.
On September 4, 1994, Taekwondo was adopted as an official sport of the 2000 Summer Olympics at the 103rd IOC session in Paris, France.
On February 15, 1995, World Taekwondo was affiliated with the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF) as a provisional member.
on December 11–13, 2000, the IOC executive board confirms Taekwondo as an Olympic Sport for the 2004 Summer Olympics.
On November 29, 2002, the inclusion of taekwondo in the 2008 Summer Olympics was confirmed, at the 114th IOC session held in Mexico City.
On July 8, 2005, Taekwondo was confirmed as program of the 2012 Summer Olympics on July 8, 2005.
WT Organizational Structure
The General Assembly (GA); the World Taekwondo Council; the President and the Secretariat are the main constituents of World Taekwondo.
1) The General Assembly (GA)
The General Assembly is the general meeting of the council and representatives of MNAs of World Taekwondo. The GA is World Taekwondo’s supreme decision making organ, Its decisions are final.
2) The World Taekwondo Council
The Council consists of the President, the Vice Presidents, the Secretary General, the Treasurer and the Council members. Responsibilities of the council are for example planning and management of World Taekwondo organization and operations and the control over the financial budget and financial reports.
3) The President of World Taekwondo
The President is elected by the GA from among its members for a term of four years. The President must lead and represent World Taekwondo; concurrently lead the GA and the council as its chairman, and preside over meetings and other activities as well as designate official duties to Vice Presidents on an ad-hoc basis for the betterment of the development of the sport of taekwondo and World Taekwondo operations. Furthermore, the President appoints the chairmen and members of World Taekwondo Committees.
4) The Secretariat of World Taekwondo
The Secretariat of World Taekwondo is installed at the location of World Taekwondo headquarters for the execution of the secretarial affairs and duties of the President and the Secretary General.
In addition to its main constituents World Taekwondo also encompasses other organizations that have been duly authorized or recognized by the Council and the GA and that operate under the auspices of World Taekwondo. World Taekwondo-recognized or authorized organizations include but are not limited to the Continental Unions.
WT Objectives and Mission
The envisioned objectives of World Taekwondo are to promote, expand, and improve worldwide the practice of Taekwondo in light of its educational, cultural, and sports values (the “Taekwondo movement”) and to promote fair play, youth development, and education as well as to encourage peace and cooperation though participation in sports. The mission of World Taekwondo is to provide effective international governance of Taekwondo as an Olympic sport and Paralympic sport.
Moreover, World Taekwondo wants to promote or sanction international Taekwondo competitions and relating to those World Taekwondo resolves to constantly improve technical rules regulating Taekwondo competitions and poomsae competitions sanctioned or promoted by World Taekwondo, including the Taekwondo event of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games.
Furthermore, World Taekwondo wants to take action in order to strengthen the unity and protect the interests of World Taekwondo and the Taekwondo Movement as well as to engage in other activities in support of the above objectives.
World Taekwondo Membership
As of 2021, the global membership of World Taekwondo stands at 211 national member associations, spanning five continents.
- The Asian Taekwondo Union (ATU): 43 national member associations.
- The Pan American Taekwondo Union (PATU): 45 national member associations.
- The European Taekwondo Union (ETU): 51 national member associations.
- The African Taekwondo Union (AFTU): 52 national member associations.
- Oceania Taekwondo Union (OTU): 19 member national associations.